The collaboration of Sports Medicine experts, researchers, and other participants happened at the 2017 Cincinnati Conference. Sports Medicine and its importance in the field of sports injuries and physical health care was the topic of discussion for most of the hours spent during the event. It included scientific assessment, understanding sports performance, and the proper techniques of exercise. Sports Medicine doctors also shared their knowledge on preventing muscle injury in various sports.
Here are some common sports injuries and tips on how to prevent them from occurring.
Concussions. One of the most prevalent injuries in the sport, which is due to a traumatic hit on the head. Symptoms that the player has suffered from concussion include headaches, nausea, loss of balance, dizziness, having trouble concentrating, and blurry vision.
Overuse. Back pain, specifically at the low back, is not an uncommon complaint. This is often a result of overtraining, which happens when the player trains or works more than his body’s capacity. The knee muscles are the most commonly overtrained.
Heat Injuries. Heat exhaustion or heat stroke occurs when the player performs physical activities too long in the heat of the sun, mostly during the summer season. When the player sweats too much, there is water and salt depletion, which causes dehydration, leading to a stroke.
To prevent these injuries, the player must:
- Always incorporate stretching with strength training
- Observe proper hydration
- Be extra hydrated during the summer to prevent dehydration
- Always do warm-up and cool-down exercises
- Talk to a sports medicine doctor or trainer to know more about proper body mechanics and injury prevention
Wrist injury. This injury is common in gymnasts as their wrists are often subjected to forces that suppress their body weight. They may need to use a brace to perform their daily activities because wrist injuries are quite painful.
Achilles tendinitis. Because of the repetitive stresses of the ankle from constant jumping, Achilles tendinitis occurs. This will subsequently affect the gymnast’s ankle and calf. The foot is usually immobilized for more than a week to heal completely.
To prevent these injuries, the gymnast must:
- Perform exercises such as jumping jacks or running and other aerobic exercises
- Wear proper training gear or specific equipment including hand grips, elbow braces, and wrist guards
- Do not continue performing if you are hurt. See a doctor immediately.